Enhancement of Some Mechanical Properties of White Cement Mortar by Adding Nanoparticles of Zirconium Oxide


  •   Ahmed K. Al-kamal

  •   Ismail Ibrahim Marhoon

  •   Ali A. Salman

  •   Ahmed K. Muhammad


This paper will study mortar compressive strength (fc) and flexural strength (fr) by cement replacement which is partial with the particles of Nano-Zr2O3. Zr2O3nanoparticles are used as well as using average diameter of 35 nm with four various contents by weight of cement (0.25%, 0.75%, 1.25% and 1.75%). The (fc) and (fr) tests were performed after the process of curing at the 28-days which is the standard age. The preparation of mortar of Nano-cement was done by using the ratio of cement-sand by weight which is 1:3 with the ratio of water-binder materials (w/b ratio) as 0.5. The results demonstrated that the (fc) and (fr) of the mortars of cement with Zr2O3were registered higher than cement mortar that is pure. The ultimate Nano-cement mortar strength was obtained at 1.25% of the replacement of cement. The improvement in (fc) and (fr) were 15.6 % and 18.4% in a respective way at 28 days.

Keywords: White Cement, ZrO2 Nanoparticles, Mechanical Properties


Elkady, H., Serag, M., I., and Elfeky, M., S., (2013), “Effect of Nano Silica De-agglomeration, and Methods of Adding Super-plasticizer on the Compressive Strength, and Workability of Nano Silica Concrete”, Civil and Environmental Research Vol.3, No.2, PP.2222-2863.

Kartikeyan, B., Sumanth, K., Harshavardhan, G., Rajaskharareddy, A., and Dhinakaran, G., (2014), “Microstructure analysis and Strength properties of concrete with Nano SiO2”, International Journal of ChemTech Research, Vol.6, No.5, PP.3004-3013.

Nazari, A., and Riahi, S., (2011), “The effects of TiO2 nanoparticles on physical, thermal and mechanical properties of concrete using ground granulated blast furnace slag as binder”, Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 528, PP.2085-2092.

Li, H., Xiao, H., Yuan, J., and Ou, J., (2003), “Microstructure of cement mortar with nanoparticles”, Composites Part B: Engineering, Vol.35, PP. 9-185.

Porro, A., Dolado, J., Campillo, I., Erkizia, E., de Miguel, Y., de Ybarra, Y., and Ayuela, A., (2005), “Effects of nano silica additions on cement pastes”, Proc International Conference on Applications of Nanotechnology in Concrete Design, PP.87—96.

Sobolev, K., Flores, I., Hermosillo, R., and Martinez, L., (2008), “Nanomaterials and nanotechnology for high-performance cement composites”, American Concrete Institute, ACI Special Publication, Vol.254, PP. 93–120.

Konsta-Gdoutos, M., Metaxa, Z., and Shah, S., (2010), “Highly dispersed carbon nanotube reinforced cement based materials”, Cement and Concrete Research, Vol.40, PP.1052—1059.

Abdulrehman, Mohammed Ali, Mais A. Abdulkareem, and Ali Abed Salman. "Reducing Cracks of the White Portland Cement Mortar.", Applied Research Journal, Vol.2, Issue, 9, pp.370-378 (2016).

Al-kamal, A. K., Abdulrehman, M. A., Salman, A. A., Rasoul, D. A., & Tlaiaa, Y. S. (2017). Modification of mechanical properties of cement mortar by adding zinc oxide nanoparticles. ЕВРАЗИЙСКИЙ НАУЧНЫЙ, 177. ‏

Rasool, Dalia Adil, Ismail Ibrahim Marhoon, and Mohammad Ali Abdulrehman. 2018. “The Effect of Adding Modifier on the Concrete Mixture.” Journal of Advanced Cement & Concrete Technology 1(3): 27–33.

Metaxa, Z., Seo, J., Konsta, M., Hersam, M., and Shah, S., (2012), “Highly concentrated carbon nanotube admixture for nanofiber reinforced cementitious materials”, Cement and Concrete Composites Vol.34, PP.612—617.

Jo, B., Kim, C., Tae, G., and Park, JB., (2007), “Characteristics of cement mortar with nano-SiO2 particles”, Construction and Building Material, Vol.21, No.6, PP.1351-1355.

ASTM C 305-14, “Standard Practice for Mechanical Mixing of Hydraulic Cement Pastes and Mortars of Plastic Consistency”.

ASTM C 109/ C 109M-14, Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement mortars (Using 2-in. or [50-mm] Cube Specimens) “.

ASTM C 293, “Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Concrete (Using Simple Beam with Center-Point Loading)”.


Download data is not yet available.


How to Cite
Al-kamal, A., Marhoon, I., Salman, A. and Muhammad, A. 2019. Enhancement of Some Mechanical Properties of White Cement Mortar by Adding Nanoparticles of Zirconium Oxide. European Journal of Engineering Research and Science. 4, 2 (Feb. 2019), 30-32. DOI:https://doi.org/10.24018/ejers.2019.4.2.1149.