Application of a Fuzzy Logic Controller for Hydropower Generator Speed Regulation

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

  •   Sochima Vincent Egoigwe

  •   Chukwudi Chukwudozie

  •   Chukwudumebi Nwobi

  •   Timothy Oluwaseun Araoye

  •   Chukwuemeka Igwe Arize

  •   Edward C. Anoliefo

Abstract

The hydroelectric plants flow rate always varies with time due to the speed rotation of turbines which affect the amplitude and frequency of electrical energy generated.  Hydro plants are being utilized for the purpose of peaking as well as base load, pumped storage and spinning reserve power operation etc. Especially in a system consisting of large industries, where frequency and voltage fluctuations are required to be kept minimum, their stability determines the quality of power. For efficient use of plant, complex control techniques are employed in the station automation and these involve the turbine governor in control features for which a flexible governor design is essential. MATLAB 2007 Software was used to carry out simulations analysis to develop fuzzy logic controller for hydropower Generator speed regulation with aims of stabilizing output power supply in order to increase the water flows rate through the hydropower penstock. The result of the research shows the hydropower generator speed model which can be used to stabilized power output as a result of increase in turbine speed rotation when fuzzy logic controller is applied. The result showed that hydropower Generation speed regulation with and without fuzzy logic controller were 319.8m/s and 65m/s respectively. The speed increased by 254.8m/s. the result shows that application of  fuzzy logic controller gives better result and increase the rotational speed of hydropower.


Keywords: Turbine Speed, Fuzzy Logic, Hydropower Plant, Electric Power Stability

References

A. Dalcalı, E. Çelik, and S. Arslan., “Design of a microprocessor based electronic governor system for micro and mini hydroelectric power plants,” Erciyes Univerrity Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology, 2012.

Bhim Singh, S.S. Murthy & Sushma Gupta,”An Electronic Voltage and Frequency Controller for Single-Phase Self-Excited Induction Generators for Pico HydroApplications”,IEEE PEDS, pp 240-245, 2005.

Chandra, T.S., Bishnu, P.M., Voltage Regulators for Self Excited Induction Generator, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 20, no. 4, pp 460÷463, April 2004.

Juan M. Ramirez and Emmanuel Torres M., “An electronic load controller for self-excited induction generators” in IEEE PES General Meeting, June 24-28, 2007.

R. C. Bansal, “Three-Phase Self-Excited Induction Generators: An Overview,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 292-299 June 2005.

Sarsing Gao, S. S. Murthy, G. Bhubaneswar, and M. Sree Lalitha Gayathri, “Design of a Microcontroller Based Electronic Load Controller for a Self-Excited Induction Generator Supplying Single - Phase Loads,” Journal of Power Electronics, Vol. 10, No.4, pp.444- 449, 2010.

S. Akçay, “Load – frequency control at hydroelectric power plants,” Master Thesis, Kahramanmaraş, 2007.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

How to Cite
[1]
Egoigwe, S., Chukwudozie, C., Nwobi, C., Araoye, T., Arize, C. and Anoliefo, E. 2019. Application of a Fuzzy Logic Controller for Hydropower Generator Speed Regulation. European Journal of Engineering Research and Science. 4, 3 (Mar. 2019), 132-135. DOI:https://doi.org/10.24018/ejers.2019.4.3.1203.

Most read articles by the same author(s)