Despite the resounding success of the quantum electrodynamic (QED) calculations, there remains some confusion concerning the Dirac equation’s part in the calculation of the anomalous magnetic moment of the electron and proton. The confusion resides in the nature of the Dirac equation, the fine structure constant, and the relationship between the two. This paper argues that the Dirac equation describes the coupling of the electron or proton cores to the invisible Planck vacuum (PV) state (involving e2 ); and that the fine structure constant ( = e2/e2 ) connects that equation to the electron or proton particles measured in the laboratory (involving e2).
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