Mapping and Assessment of Healthcare Facilities Using GIS in a Part of Ikorodu Metropolis, Lagos State


  •   E. Effiong

  •   O. F. Iyiola

  •   Isaac Adelakun Gbiri

  •   M. O. Oludiji

  •   S. T. Oyebanji

  •   M. T. Ayodele


The uneven distribution of health care services in Nigeria had been validated the inequalities in the accessibility and the best of fitness care services rendered to citizens. Basic fitness care offerings continue to be a cardinal responsibility of the authorities for the survival of her citizenry. Mostly in the developing country, the accessibility to these health care centres is poorly understood and underserved by the timing populations. there is a need to apprehend the elements that affect or inhibit health care used and what contributed to the use elements in term of distance from residences to the health care amenities and the thickly populace developed round the facilities. This paper focuses on the acceptable evaluation of spatial distribution of health care facilities and proposed for new health centres in some of catchments location that deserves it primarily based on distance and population figures in Ikorodu Local Community Development Area. It was subdivided  into Ibese, Ojubode , Local Govt, Police Post, Ebute , Ogoloto , Tos Benson, Ita Elewa, Sambo , Alagbala  and Eyita Area with their two land mass for every the catchment area inside the learn about which covered two Ibese Area, Ojubode Area, Local Govt. Area, Police Post Area, Ebute Area, Ogoloto Area, Tos Benson Area, Ita Elewa, Sambo Area, Alagbala Area and Eyita Area covered 128.585 ha, 59.658 ha, 106.793ha, 99.631ha, 140.803ha, 109.485ha, 131.518 ha, 111.625ha, 155.051 ha, 89.698 ha and 112.907 ha. Based on buffer coverage and population used and it was revealed and proposed new healthcare centres  for  Ojubode, Local Govt, Ibese, part of Eyita, Sambo,Alagbala and Ogoloto areas maps were produced. The useful geodatabase was created for digital healthcare facility mapping for less difficult replace every time it’s necessary.

Keywords: Assessment, Distribution, Propose, Primary Health Facilities, Catchment Area, Ikorodu


Abbas, I. I., Auta, S. Z., & Na’iya, R. M. (2012). Health care facilities mapping and database creation using GIS in Chikun Local Government, Kaduna State, Nigeria. Global Journal of Human-Social Science Research, 12(10-B).

Adejuyigbe, O. 1973. Location of Social Science Centrein Western Nigeria, the case of Medical Facilities. Man and Society, 1, 115-142.

Agaja,S.A(2012)Spatial Distribution of Primary Health Care Centers in Ughelli South and Warri South Local Government Areas of Delta State, Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific and Technology ResearchVol 1, Issue 9, pp 38-41.

Ayeni, B., Rushton, G., & McNulty, M. L. (1987). Improving the geographical accessibility of health care in rural areas: A Nigerian case study. Social Science & Medicine, 25(10), 1083-1094.

Ebener, S., El Morjani, Z., Ray, N., & Black, M. (2005). Physical accessibility to health care: from isotropy to anisotropy. GIS@ development, 9(6).

Egwu, I. N. (1996): Primary Health Care System in Nigeria: Theory, Practice and Perspectives. Elmore Printing & Publishing Co; Lagos.

FMoH (Federal Ministry of Health), (1991): Nigeria Health Profile. Federal Ministry of Health and Social Services (FMOH and SS), Lagos.

Inyang I. B (1994): Provision of Health Care Facilities in Nigeria: The Problem of Equity and Accessibility; Ibom Journal of Social Issues Vol. 1(2) pp. 78-91.

Okafor S.I (2001): Distributive Effects of Location of Government Hospitals in Ibadan Area. Volume 23, No2 pp. 128-135.

Okafor S.I (2003): Inequalities in the Distribution of Healthcare Facilities in Nigeria. Health and Disease in Tropical Africa, Geographical and Medical Viewpoints, Green line Publishers Ado- Ekiti.

Okafor, S. I. (1987). Inequalities in the distribution of health care facilities in Nigeria. Health and Disease in Tropical Africa. Ed. Akhar, R, London Gordon, and Breach, 383-401.

Olajuyin, L.O., Olayiwola, L.M. and Adeyinka,S.A. (1997), Locational Analysis of Health Facilities: A Case Study of Irewole Local Government Area (1940-1985). Ife Planning Journal: A Journal of Ife Community Development Study Team (ICOMDEST). 1(1), 1-13.

Oppong, J. R., & Hodgson, M. J. (1994). Spatial accessibility to health care facilities in Suhum District, Ghana. The Professional Geographer, 46(2), 199-209.

Perrya B, &Gesler W., (2000). Physical access to primary health care in Andean Bolivia. Social Science & Medicine 50 (2000) 1177- 1188.

Ransomekuti O, Sorumgbe A. O, Oyegbite K. S and Banisaiye A. (eds), (1991): Strengthening Primary Health Care at Local Government Area level. Lagos, Federal Ministry of Health; pp. 1-162.

Ujoh, F., & Kwaghsende, F. (2014). Analysis of the spatial distribution of health facilities in Benue State, Nigeria. Midwives, 68036(65.5), 1527.

World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Publications (2012). District Health Facilities Guidelines for Development and Operations; Western Pacific Series; No 22, 1998.


Download data is not yet available.


How to Cite
Effiong, E., Iyiola, O., Gbiri, I., Oludiji, M., Oyebanji, S. and Ayodele, M. 2019. Mapping and Assessment of Healthcare Facilities Using GIS in a Part of Ikorodu Metropolis, Lagos State. European Journal of Engineering and Technology Research. 4, 8 (Aug. 2019), 55-62. DOI: