A Study on Technical and PM Emission Characteristics on Diesel Engines using Biodiesel Based Palm Oil

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

  •   Van Viet Pham

Abstract

The transport industry is facing problems such as the exhaustion of fossil fuels and the threat of pollution from emissions from internal combustion engines. The use of alternative fuels is considered as one of the effective solutions to address the pressure on fuel prices and environmental pollution. Using biofuels is considered an emerging solution to ensure energy security in transportation and environment friendliness. Palm oil-based biodiesel is a relatively abundant fuel source and is compatible with traditional diesel engines with little change to the engine structure. The paper focuses on the possibility of using biodiesel derived from palm oil with the volume ratio of 5%, 10% and 15% on Vikyno EV2600 engine. Thereby, it will analyze and evaluate the technical features and emission level of the engine compared to traditional diesel fuel. In addition, this study is also worth the impact of the blend ratio of palm oil-based biofuel with diesel to the PM emission level of the test engine.


Keywords: PM Emission, Biodiesel, Palm Oil, Diesel Engines

References

A. T. Hoang, V. V. Le, V. V. Pham, and B. C. Tham, “An investigation of deposit formation in the injector, spray characteristics, and performance of a diesel engine fueled with preheated vegetable oil and diesel fuel,” Energy Sources, Part A Recover. Util. Environ. Eff., pp. 1–13, 2019.

V. V. Pham and D. T. Cao, “A brief review of technology solutions on fuel injection system of diesel engine to increase the power and reduce environmental pollution,” J. Mech. Eng. Res. Dev., vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 01–09, 2019.

A. T. Hoang, A. T. Le, and V. V. Pham, “A core correlation of spray characteristics, deposit formation, and combustion of a high-speed diesel engine fueled with Jatropha oil and diesel fuel,” Fuel, vol. 244, pp. 159–175, 2019.

A. T. Hoang, V. D. Tran, V. H. Dong, and A. T. Le, “An experimental analysis on physical properties and spray characteristics of an ultrasound-assisted emulsion of ultra-low-sulphur diesel and Jatropha-based biodiesel,” J. Mar. Eng. Technol., pp. 1–9, 2019.

A. T. Hoang and D. C. Nguyen, “Properties of DMF-fossil gasoline RON95 blends in the consideration as the alternative fuel,” Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 8, no. 6, 2018.

A. T. Hoang, “The Performance of Diesel Engine Fueled Diesel Oil in Comparison with Heated Pure Vegetable Oils Available in Vietnam,” J. Sustain. Dev., vol. 10, no. 2, p. 93, 2017.

A. T. Hoang, C. N. Luong, and A. T. Le, “Properties and Spray Characteristics of Heated Pure Coconut Oil Aiming a Direct Use in Conventional Diesel Engines,” in The 5th TSME International Conference on Mechanical Engineering, 2014.

V. V. Pham, “Research and Design an Experimental Model for the Determination of Deposits Formation Mechanism in the Combustion Chamber,” Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 656–663, 2019.

V. V. Pham, “Analyzing the effect of heated wall surface temperatures on combustion chamber deposit formation,” J. Mech. Eng. Res. Dev., vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 17–21, 2018.

A. T. Hoang and V. V. Pham, “A review on fuels used for marine diesel engines,” J. Mech. Eng. Res. Dev., vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 22–32, 2018.

H. A. Tuan and C. M. Quang, “A mini review of using oleophilic skimmers for oil spill recovery,” J. Mech. Eng. Res. Dev, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 92–96, 2018.

V. V. Le and A. T. Hoang, “Fuel and alternative fuel for marine diesel engines,” Int. J. Recent Eng. Res. Dev., vol. 2, no. 7, pp. 142–146, 2017.

A. T. Hoang, “Waste heat recovery from diesel engines based on Organic Rankine Cycle,” Appl. Energy, vol. 231, pp. 138–166, 2018.

V. D. Tran, A. T. Le, V. H. Dong, and A. T. Hoang, “Methods of operating the marine engines by ultra-low sulfur fuel to aiming to satisfy MARPOLAnnex VI,” Adv. Nat. Appl. Sci., vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 34–40, 2017.

M. T. Pham, A. T. Hoang, A. T. Le, A. R. M. S. Al-Tawaha, V. H. Dong, and V. V. Le, “Measurement and prediction of the density and viscosity of biodiesel blends,” Int. J. Technol., vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 1015–1026, 2018.

A. T. Hoang, “Prediction of the density and viscosity of biodiesel and the influence of biodiesel properties on a diesel engine fuel supply system,” J. Mar. Eng. Technol., pp. 1–13, 2018.

A. T. Hoang and V. V Le, “Marine pollution and remedies of Vietnamese Government,” Int. J. Recent Eng. Res. Dev, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 51–55, 2017.

A. T. Hoang, Q. V Tran, and X. D. Pham, “Performance and emission characteristics of popular 4-stroke motorcycle engine in vietnam fuelled with biogasoline compared with fossil gasoline,” Int. J. Mech. Mechatronics Eng, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 97–103, 2018.

A. T. Hoang and M. T. Pham, “Influences of heating temperatures on physical properties, spray characteristics of bio-oils and fuel supply system of a conventional diesel engine,” Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 2231–2240, 2018.

A. T. Hoang and V. T. Nguyen, “Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Fuelled with Preheated Vegetable Oil and Biodiesel,” Philipp. J. Sci., vol. 146, no. 4, pp. 475–482, 2017.

A. T. Hoang and V. V. Pham, “Impact of jatropha oil on engine performance, emission characteristics, deposit formation, and lubricating oil degradation,” Combust. Sci. Technol., vol. 191, no. 03, pp. 504–519, 2019.

A. T. Hoang, M. M. Noor, and X. D. Pham, “Comparative Analysis on Performance and Emission Characteristic of Diesel Engine Fueled with Heated Coconut Oil and Diesel Fuel.,” Int. J. Automot. Mech. Eng., vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 5110–5125, 2018.

A. T. Hoang and V. V. Pham, “A study of emission characteristic, deposits, and lubrication oil degradation of a diesel engine running on preheated vegetable oil and diesel oil,” Energy Sources, Part A Recover. Util. Environ. Eff., vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 611–625, 2019.

V. V. Pham, “Research on the application of Diesel-Rk in the calculation and evaluation of technical and economic criteria of marine diesel engines using the unified ULSD and Biodiesel blended fuel,” J. Mech. Eng. Res. Dev., vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 87–97, 2019.

T. A. Hoang and V. Van Le, “The Performance of A Diesel Engine Fueled With Diesel Oil, Biodiesel and Preheated Coconut Oil,” Int. J. Renew. Energy Dev., vol. 6, no. 1, p. 1, 2017.

A. T. Hoang et al., “Power generation characteristics of a thermoelectric modules-based power generator assisted by fishbone-shaped fins: Part II–Effects of cooling water parameters,” Energy Sources, Part A Recover. Util. Environ. Eff., pp. 1–13, 2019.

A. T. Hoang and V. D. Tran, “Experimental analysis on the ultrasound-based mixing technique applied to ultra-low sulphur diesel and bio-oils,” Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 307–313, 2019.

A. T. Hoang et al., “An absorption capacity investigation of new absorbent based on polyurethane foams and rice straw for oil spill cleanup,” Pet. Sci. Technol., vol. 36, no. 5, pp. 361–370, 2018.

A. T. Hoang, Q. V. Tran, A. R. M. S. Al-Tawaha, V. V. Pham, and X. P. Nguyen, “Comparative analysis on performance and emission characteristics of an in-Vietnam popular 4-stroke motorcycle engine running on biogasoline and mineral gasoline,” Renew. Energy Focus, vol. 28, pp. 47–55, 2019.

X. D. Pham, A. T. Hoang, and D. N. Nguyen, “A Study on the Effect of the Change of Tempering Temperature on the Microstructure Transformation of Cu-Ni-Sn Alloy,” Int. J. Mech. Mechatronics Eng., vol. 18, no. 04, pp. 27–34, 2018.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

How to Cite
[1]
Pham, V. 2020. A Study on Technical and PM Emission Characteristics on Diesel Engines using Biodiesel Based Palm Oil. European Journal of Engineering Research and Science. 5, 2 (Feb. 2020), 151-154. DOI:https://doi.org/10.24018/ejers.2020.5.2.1662.