Underwater Robotic Oil Spill Surveillance (UROSS) system provides constant and autonomous spill surveillance for subsea pipelines. M900 embedded Radio Frequency Identification tags and readers are used to identify pipeline section for surveillance. GY-521 gyrometer and XL-MaxSonar-WR1 ultrasound sensor are used for autonomous navigation. Spills are detected using a METS methane sensor. After spill detection, images of spill site are captured with a L3C-400 Micro Ultras-Miniature Color Camera and spill location is obtained using GPS. Spill Images and location are transmitted to a remote PC on the nearest off shore platform using an Xbee Pro 900HP wireless connection. An Ocean Signal rescueME Personal Beacon Locator transmits a 406 MHz distress signal via satellite to emergency services communicating the identification of a spill. Power analysis showed the system’s ability to remain submerged and to provide surveillance for 100 m sections of a subsea pipeline once every 24 hrs for a month, and can be increased to every hour for 51 months.
Chang SE, Stone J, Demes K, and Piscitelli M (2014). Consequences of oil spills: a review and framework for informing planning. Ecology and Society 19: 26.
Salako A, Oluwafolahan S, and Sunkanmi A (2012). Oil spills and community health: implications for resource limited settings. J Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences. 4: 145-150.
Ajide OM, and Isaac OO (2013). An assessment of the physical impact of oil spillage using GIS and remote sensing technologies: Empirical evidence from Jesse Town, Delta State, Nigeria. British. J Arts and Social Sciences 12: 235-252.
Ahmadu J and Egbodion J (2013). Effect of oil spillage on cassava production in Niger delta region of Nigeria. American J Experimental Agriculture 3: 914-926.
Iwejingi SF (2013). Socio-economic problems of oil exploration and exploitation in Nigeria’s Niger delta. J Energy Technologies and Policy 3: 76-80.
Amnesty International (2013). Bad information: Oil spill investigations in the Niger Delta, Amnesty International, 2013.
Merv Fingas, and Carl E. Brown. A Review of Remote Spill Sensing Sensors 2018, 18, 91; doi:10.3390/s18010091
Ejofodomi OA, and Ofualagba G. (2017) Exploring the Feasibility of Robotic Pipeline Surveillance for Detecting Crude Oil Spills in the Niger Delta, International Journal of Unmanned Systems Engineering, 5(3): 38-52.
Ejofodomi OA and Ofualagba G. (2016). Development of an Aerial Robotic Oil Spill Surveillance (AROSS) System for Constant Surveillance and Detection of Spills from Crude Oil Pipelines, International Journal of Unmanned Systems Engineering, 4(2): 19-33.
Onuche EA (2016). SPDC suspends oil export from forcados terminal. PZI media, Nigeria.
Ausama Al Shammari. Oil Spill Detection by means of UAS and Inexpensive Airborne Thermal Sensors .Open Access Master's Thesis, Michigan Technological University, 2018. https://digitalcommons.mtu.edu/etdr/607
Ejofodomi OA, and Ofualagba G (2018). Design of an Underwater Robotic Oil Spill Surveillance (UROSS) System for Surveillance and Detection of Spills from Subsea Crude Oil Pipelines. IJUSEng - 2018, Vol. 6, No. 1, 1-20.
Bluerobotics (2016). BlueROV2: Remotely operated subsea vehicle.
Franatech (2014). Underwater gas monitoring. Franatech, Germany.
Bowtech (2016). Teledyne Bow-tech is a market leader in underwater harsh environment vision systems. Bowtech, Scotland.
Westmarine.com (2016) Getting fit for water life.
Thangavelautham J, Strawser D, Cheung MY, and Dubowsky S (2012). Lithium hydride powered PEM fuel cells for long-duration small mobile robotic missions. IEEE Int Conference on Robotics and Automation: 415-422.
Tsurushima N, Wantanabe S, and Tsunogai S (1996) Methane in the East China Sea water. J Oceanography 52: 221-233.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.
Submission of the manuscript represents that the manuscript has not been published previously and is not considered for publication elsewhere.