Vietnam currently has 39 container shipping ships with a total tonnage of about 30,000 TUE; Vinalines has 11 ships. Thus, Vietnam's container fleet annually transports between 1.2 and 1.3 million TUE. Thus, compared with the total volume of imports and exports through the port each year about 18 million TUE, the container fleet of Vietnam is less than 10%. According to the report of the Vietnam Maritime Administration, up to now, Vietnam's fleet has 1,568 ships with a total tonnage of about 7.8 million tons, ranking 4th in ASEAN (after Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia) and 30th In the world. The average age of Vietnam's fleet is currently 15.6, younger than 5.2 years of the world (20.8 years old). The structure of Vietnam's fleet has also grown towards specialization, especially, Vietnam's container fleet has grown quite well from 19 ships (2013) to 39 ships (2019).
A. Imai, K. Sasaki, E. Nishimura, and S. Papadimitriou, “Multi-objective simultaneous stowage and load planning for a container ship with container rehandle in yard stacks,” Eur. J. Oper. Res., vol. 171, no. 2, pp. 373–389, 2006.
H. P. Nguyen, “What solutions should be applied to improve the efficiency in the management for port system in Ho Chi Minh City?,” Int. J. Innov. Creat. Chang., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 1747–1769, 2019.
H. P. Nguyen, M. T. Nguyen, and M. T. Pham, “Logistics Revolution for e-commerce in Vietnam: A Brief Review,” Int. J. J. e-Navigation e-Navigation Marit. Econ., vol. 13, pp. 50–62, 2019.
H. P. Nguyen, “Blockchain - an indispensable development trend of logistics industry in Vietnam : Current situation and recommended solutions,” Int. J. J. e-Navigation e-Navigation Marit. Econ., vol. 13, pp. 14–22, 2019.
N. K. Tran and H.-D. Haasis, “An empirical study of fleet expansion and growth of ship size in container liner shipping,” Int. J. Prod. Econ., vol. 159, pp. 241–253, 2015.
M. F. McKenna, S. M. Wiggins, and J. A. Hildebrand, “Relationship between container ship underwater noise levels and ship design, operational and oceanographic conditions,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1–10, 2013.
H. P. Nguyen, “A Short Communication On Reverse Logistics Role In The Supply Chain,” Inf. Manag. Comput. Sci., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 10–14, 2019.
M. Avriel, M. Penn, and N. Shpirer, “Container ship stowage problem: complexity and connection to the coloring of circle graphs,” Discret. Appl. Math., vol. 103, no. 1–3, pp. 271–279, 2000.
H. P. Nguyen, “CURRENT STATUS AND SOLUTIONS TO REDUCE LOGISTICS COSTS IN VIETNAM.”
J. Martin, S. Martin, and S. Pettit, “Container ship size and the implications on port call workload,” Int. J. Shipp. Transp. Logist., vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 553–569, 2015.
I. D. Wilson and P. A. Roach, “Container stowage planning: a methodology for generating computerised solutions,” J. Oper. Res. Soc., vol. 51, no. 11, pp. 1248–1255, 2000.
Z. Wei-Ying, L. Yan, and J. Zhuo-Shang, “Model and algorithm for container ship stowage planning based on bin-packing problem,” J. Mar. Sci. Appl., vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 30–36, 2005.
H. P. Nguyen, X. P. Nguyen, and V. V. Pham, “Green Logistics: A trend of sustainable development of the marine industry in Viet Nam,” in International Conference of The 6th Ai - MAST, 2019, pp. 145–156.
K. Cullinane, P.-H. Tseng, and G. Wilmsmeier, “Estimation of container ship emissions at berth in Taiwan,” Int. J. Sustain. Transp., vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 466–474, 2016.
W. Murray, “Economies of Scale in Container Ship Costs,” United States Kings Point Merch. Mar. Acad., 2015.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.
Submission of the manuscript represents that the manuscript has not been published previously and is not considered for publication elsewhere.