Assessment of Spatial Prediction Techniques Accuracy for Elevation Determination in Akure South Local Government, Ondo State


  •   Victor Ayodele Ijaware

  •   Adebayo T. Adeboye


The Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) is a cooperative effort between NASA and Japan's Ministry of Economy Trade and Industry (METI), with the collaboration of scientific and industry organizations in both countries. The ASTER instrument provides a more robust remote sensing imaging capability when compared to the older Landsat Thematic Mapper. This paper deals with the accuracy assessment of elevation data obtained using ASTER from each of the eleven (11) selected extrapolation/interpolation algorithms: Inverse Distance Weighting, Natural Neighbor, Spline Regular, Spline Tension, Universal Kriging, Empirical Bayesian Kriging, Topo to Raster, global (trend surface), local polynomial, kernel interpolation with barriers and radial basis functions in Digital Elevation Model (DEM) surface creation. The data were compared with reference to ground control points of differential GPS measurements in the study area. The error statistics were generated between DGPS measurements and Extracted elevation data from each selected interpolation method. It was observed that Spline Regular Interpolation shown the best overall accuracy of ±11.520m when elevation data extracted from Inverse distance weighting, Natural Neighbour, Spline T, Topo to Raster, Universal Kriging, Empirical Bayesian kriging, Global polynomial interpolation (GPI), local polynomial interpolation (LPI), Radial basis function and Kernel interpolation of ±15.170, ±14.340, ±12.336, ±13.551, ±14.707, ±13.711, ±15.363, ±13.964, ±13.590 and ±15.376 respectively when compared with elevation values from GPS method. The study recommends capacity building in the form of workshop, training, and flexible integration of point elevation data to DEM.

Keywords: ASTER, Interpolation Methods, Extrapolation Methods, Root Mean Square Error, Elevation


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How to Cite
Ijaware, V. and Adeboye, A. 2020. Assessment of Spatial Prediction Techniques Accuracy for Elevation Determination in Akure South Local Government, Ondo State. European Journal of Engineering Research and Science. 5, 5 (May 2020), 550-553. DOI:

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