The energy and the economic estimation for a passive solar water heating system under the Tirana climate conditions is performed. The trial system includes a heat pipe evacuated tube collector. To fulfil these objectives, measured values recorded every minute from the data logger of the system are used. The studied solar collector has a slope of 45° and is oriented 10° East from the South direction. The heat pipe evacuated tube collector has an aperture area of 1.476 m2. For an annual time period the irradiation on tilted solar collector area, the extracted energy from the storage tank, the delivered energy to the thermal consumer and the system efficiency were defined. Also, the economic assessment of the system is performed.
W. Weiss, M. Spork-Dur, "Solar heat worlwide. Global market development and trends in 2018. Detailed market figure in 2017" 2019. [Online]. Available: http://www.iea-shc.org/data/sites/1/publications/Solar-Heat-Worldwide-2019.pdf. [Accessed June 2019].
A. Maraj, "Simulation and study of operation for 3-different types of solar water heating systems for climate conditions of Central part of Albania", PhD dissertation, Dept. Mech. Eng., Polytechnic University of Tirana, Albania, December 2014. [Online]. Available: http://fim.edu.al/programet/doktorature/temat/altin_maraj.pdf. [Accessed January 2015].
D.W. Lee, A. Sharma, "Thermal performances of the active and passive water heating systems based on annual operation" Solar Energy, vol. 81, no. 2, pp. 207-215, 2007.
L. Gill, J.M. Mahon, K. Ryan, "The performance of an evacuated tube solar hot water system in a domestic house throught a year in a northern maritime climate (Dublin)" Solar Energy, vol. 137, no. 1, pp. 262-272, 2016.
S. Kalogirou, "Thermal performance, economic and environemental life cycle analysis of thermosiphon solar water heaters" Solar Energy, vol. 83, no. 1, pp. 39-48, 2009.
M. Ghorab, E. Entchev, L. Yang, “Inclusive analysis and performance evaluation of solar domestic hot water system” Alexandria Engineering Journal, Vol. 56, pp. 201-212, 2017.
P. Hernandez, P. Kenny, “Net energy analysis of domestic solar water heating installations in operation” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 16, Issue 1, pp. 170-177, 2012.
Y. Kim, K. Thu, H.T. Bhatia, C.S. Bhatia, K.C Ng, "Thermal analysis and performance optimization of a solar hot water plant with economic evaluation" Solar Energy, vol. 86, no. 5, pp. 1378-1395, 2012.
D. Diakoulaki, A. Zervos, J. Sarafidis, S. Mirasgedis, “Cost benefit analysis for solar water heating systems” Energy Conversion & Management, Vol. 42, pp. 1727-1739, 2001.
M. Hazami, N. Naili, I. Attar, A. Farhat, “Solar water heating systems feasibility for domestic requests in Tunisia: Thermal potential and economical analysis” Energy Conversion & Management, Vol. 76, pp. 599-608, 2013.
J. Mathur, N.K. Bansal, “Energy analysis of solar water heating systems in India” International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, Vol. 4, Issue 2, pp. 113-116, 1999.
M. Asif, J. Currie, T. Muneer, “Comparison of aluminium and stainless steel built-in-storage solar water heater” Building Services Engineering Research and Technology, Vol. 28, Issue 4, pp. 337-346, 2007.
R. H. Crawford, G.J. Treloar, “Net energy analysis of solar and conventional domestic hot water heating systems in Melbourne, Australia” Solar Energy, Vol. 76, pp. 159-163, 2004.
P. Banik, A. Ganguly, "Performance and economic analysis of a floricultural greenhouse with distributed fan-pad evaporative cooling coupled with solar dessication" Solar Energy, vol. 147, pp. 439-447, 2017.
Geographical names, "Tirana-Albania" [Online]. Available: http://www.geographic.org/geographic_names/name.php?uni=-168608&fid=283. [Accessed January 2013].
NANR, "Energjia diellore" 2012. [Online]. Available: http://www.akbn.gov.al/images/pdf/energji-te-rinovueshme/Energjia_Diellore.pdf. [Accessed August 2012].
"Resol Products" Resol, 2010. [Online]. Available: http://www.resol.de/index/produkte/sprache/en/#kategorie5. [Accessed June 2017].
"Sunda Solar Water Heaters" Sunda, 2012. [Online]. Available: http://www.sundasolar.com/product_waterheaters.html. [Accessed February 2012].
J.A. Duffie, W.A. Beckman, Solar engineering of thermal processes, 4-ed, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2013.
"Accounting explained" 2017. [Online]. Available: http://accountingexplained.com/managerial/capital-budgeting/discounted-payback-period. [Accessed July 2017].
S. Carter, N.J. Macdonald, D.C.B. Cheng, Basic finance for marketers, Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of UN, 1997.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.
Submission of the manuscript represents that the manuscript has not been published previously and is not considered for publication elsewhere.