An Automated Greenhouse Monitoring and Controlling System using Sensors and Solar Power

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

  •   MD Jiabul Hoque

  •   Md. Razu Ahmed

  •   Saif Hannan

Abstract

In traditional farming, farmer has to visit the farming land regularly to measure the various environmental parameters such as temperature, humidity, light intensity and soil moisture to cultivate the right crops at right time in right soil. Even though this traditional farming system have been used for years, the system is hectic and fail to prove high productivity rate as farmer usually unable to measure all the parameter accurately [1]. In contrast, greenhouse farming is a system where farmer cultivate crops in ecosystem environments where all environmental parameters are adjusted based on crops types. Automation in greenhouse is a method where farmer is able to monitor and control the greenhouse environment automatically from anywhere in the world any time [3]. In this paper, authors proposed an automated greenhouse monitoring and controlling system that incorporate various sensors such as temperature sensor, humidity sensor, light sensor and soil moisture sensor to collect possible environmental parameters of greenhouse as well as integrate Arduino Uno R3 (to store and process data), GSM module (to send the measured value of the various parameters to the user cell phone via SMS to ensure efficient growth of plants), solar power system with rechargeable battery (to make sure continuous power supply to the greenhouse system). Moreover, Internet of Things (IoT) is used to store data to a database and process the collected data and finally send the information to the android apps which has been developed for monitoring and controlling of greenhouse by the user. Moreover, the authors compared the proposed greenhouse model with some recent works and found the proposed system cost effective, efficient and effective by analyzing major environmental parameters. Finally, authors analyze the cost associated with the deployment of proposed greenhouse model which depict quite affordable for farmers and worth deploying.


Keywords: Arduino, Greenhouse, Sensors, Solar Power

References

M. N. Hassan, A. S. Noor and S. I. Abdullah, “An automatic monitoring and control system inside greenhouse”, Green Energy and Technology, 2015.

J. Xiao, B. Jiang and K. J. Ming, “Design for wireless temperature and humidity monitoring system of the intelligent greenhouse”, International Conference on Computer Engineering and Technology, Volume 3, pp. 59-63, 2010.

Q. M. Vu, “Automated wireless greenhouse management system”, unpublished.

M. H. Khan and M. M. Alom, “Greenhouse effect in Bangladesh-Environmental rules and regulations perspective”, Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science and Technology, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp. 283-285, January-2015.

S. Athukorala, I. Weeraratne and R. Ragel, “Affordable real-time environment monitoring system for greenhouses”, Proceedings of the 1st Manufacturing & Industrial Engineering Symposium, October 2016.

Hesong Haung, Hongning Bian, Jibo Jin and Shuchuan Zhu, “A greenhouse remote monitoring system based on GSM”, International Conference on Information Management, Innovation Management and Industrial Engineering, pp. 357-360, 2011.

M. Kazi and A. S. Sarker, “Status of greenhouse cultivation and design of a low cost greenhouse for the farmers of Bangladesh”, unpublished.

P. S. Asolkar and U. S. Bhadade, “An effective method of controlling the greenhouse and crop monitoring using GSM”, International Conference on Computing Communication Control and Automation, pp. 214-219, 2015.

A. Hanggoro, M. A. Putra and F. Sari, “Green house monitoring and controlling using android mobile application,” International Conference on Quality in Research, pp. 79-85, 2013.

K. Doherty, Z. Feng and B. Cross, “Greenhouse monitoring and automation”, unpublished.

Arduino (October 2012), “What is Arduino?”, Arduino Guide Introduction [Online]. Available: http://arduino.cc/en/Guide/Introduction

M. P. Aher, R. S. Parbat and V. S. Chandre, “A hybrid wired/wireless infrastructure networking for greenhouse management”, International Conference on Automatic Control and Dynamic Optimization Techniques, pp. 1152-1157, 2016.

Z. Qishen, Z. Dongmei and S. Xunwen, “Distributed remote temperature monitoring and acquisition system based on CAN bus”, Prognostics and Health Management Conference, 2010.

Texus Instruments Company, “Datasheet on LM35 precision centigrade temperature sensors [Online]. Available: http://www.ti.com/lit/ds/symlink/lm35.pdf

J. Ding, J. Zhao and B. Ma, “Remote monitoring system of temperature and humidity based on GSM”, 2nd International Congress on Image and Signal Processing, 2009.

M. Mekki, O. Abdallah, B. M. Amin, and A. Babiker, “Greenhouse monitoring and control system based on wireless sensor network", International Conference on Computing, Control, Networking, Electronics and Embedded Systems Engineering, 2015.

L. Liu and Y. Zhang, “Design of greenhouse environment monitoring system based on wireless sensor network”, 3rd International Conference on Control, Automation and Robotics, pp. 463-466, 2017.

Hokuriku Electric Industry Co. LTD., “Datasheet on humidity sensor unit”, http://www.datasheet4u.com/download_new.php?id=649273

P. P. Deshmukh and S. D. Deshmukh, “Greenhouse monitoring and controlling using GSM and Android’, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 7, Issue 2, 99. 507-514, February-2016.

K. Rangan and T. Vigneswaran, “An embedded systems approach to monitor green house”, Recent Advances in Space Technology Services and Climate Change, Pages: 61-65, 2010.

Sunrom Technologies (July 2008). Datasheet on Light Dependent Resistor-LDR, Sunrom Technologies [Online]. Available: http://www.sunrom.com

Systronix (July 2000). Brief Data of LCD 20×4, Systronix Emdedded Java Spoken here [Online], Available: http://www.systronix.com/access/Systronix_20x4_lcd_brief_data.pdf

P. H. Patil, C. Borse, S. Gaikwad and S. Patil, “Greenhouse Monitoring System using GSM”, International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, Volume 4, Issue 6, pp. 1769-1772, June-2013.

Research Design Lab (October 2018). Datasheet of GSM GPRS SIM900A Modem [Online]. Available: http://www.researchdesignlab.com

Simcom (August 2013). SIM900A Hardware Design. Shanghai SIMCom Wireless Solutions Ltd. [Online]. Available: http://www.sim.com

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

How to Cite
[1]
Hoque, M., Ahmed, M. and Hannan, S. 2020. An Automated Greenhouse Monitoring and Controlling System using Sensors and Solar Power. European Journal of Engineering and Technology Research. 5, 4 (Apr. 2020), 510-515. DOI:https://doi.org/10.24018/ejers.2020.5.4.1887.