Impacts of Placement of Wind Turbine Generators on IEEE 13 Node Radial Test Feeder In-Line Transformer Fuse-Fuse Protection Coordination

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  •   Kemei Peter Kirui

  •   David K. Murage

  •   Peter K. Kihato

Abstract

The ever increasing global demand on the electrical energy has lead to the integration of Distributed Generators (DGs) onto the distribution power systems networks to supplement on the deficiencies on the electrical energy generation capacities. The high penetration levels of DGs on the electrical distribution networks experienced over the past decade calls for the grid operators to periodically and critically asses the impacts brought by the DGs on the distribution network operations. The assessment on the impacts brought by the DGs on the distribution network operations is done by simulating the dynamic response of the network to major disturbances occurring on the network like the faults once the DGs have been connected into it. Connection of Wind Turbine Generators (WTGs) into a conventional electrical energy distribution network has great impacts on the short circuit current levels experienced during a fault and also on the protective devices used in protecting the distribution network equipment namely; the transformers, the overhead distribution lines, the underground cables and the line compensators and the shunt capacitors commonly used/found on the relatively long rural distribution feeders. The main factors which contribute to the impacts brought by the WTGs integration onto a conventional distribution network are: The location of interconnecting the WTG/s into the distribution feeder; The size/s of the WTG/s in terms of their electrical wattage penetrating the distribution network; And the type of the WTG interfacing technology used labeled/classified as, Type I, Type II, Type III and Type IV WTGs. Even though transformers are the simplest and the most reliable devices in an electrical power system, transformer failures can occur due to internal or external conditions that make the transformer incapable of performing its proper functions. Appropriate transformer protection should be used with the objectives of protecting the electrical power system in case of a transformer failure and also to protect the transformer itself from the power system disturbances like the faults. This paper was to investigate the effects of integrating WTGs on a distribution transformer Fuse-Fuse conventional protection coordination scheme. The radial distribution feeder studied was the IEEE 13 node radial test feeder and it was simulated using the Electrical Transient Analysis Program (ETAP) software for distribution transformer Fuse-Fuse protection coordination analysis. The IEEE 13 Node radial test feeder In-line transformer studied is a three-phase  step down transformer having a star solidly grounded primary winding supplied at  and a star solidly grounded secondary winding feeding power at a voltage of . The increase on the short circuit currents at the In-line transformer nodes due to the WTG integration continuously reduces the time coordination margins between the upstream fuse F633 and the downstream fuse F634 used to protect the transformer.


Keywords: In-Line Transformer, Single-Line-to-Ground Faults, Three Phase Faults, Fuse-Fuse Protection Coordination, TCC Protection Coordination Curves, Time Coordination Margin, Fuse F633 and Fuse F634 Coordination

References

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KP Kirui, DK Murage, PK Kihato: Impacts of Placement of Wind Turbine Generators with Different Interfacing Technologies on Radial Distribution Feeder Short Circuit Currents. Proceedings of sustainable research and innovation conference. JKUAT, ISSN: 2079-6226, Pg 206-212, 2020.

KP Kirui, DK Murage, PK Kihato: Impacts of Placement of Wind Turbine Generators with Different Interfacing Technologies on Radial Distribution Feeder Fuse-Fuse Protection Coordination Scheme. European Journal of Engineering Research and Science (EJERS), ISSN: 2506-8016, 4(10), Pg 59-77, 2019.

KP Kirui, DK Murage, PK Kihato: Impacts of Short Circuit on Wind Turbine Generator Interfaced Radial Distribution Feeder Sequence Impedances. Proceedings of sustainable research and innovation conference. JKUAT, ISSN: 2079-6226, Pg 250-255. 2019

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KP Kirui, DK Murage, PK Kihato: Fuse-Fuse Protection Coordination Scheme ETAP Model for IEEE 13 Node Radial Test Distribution Feeder. European Journal of Engineering Research and Science (EJERS), ISSN: 2506-8016, 4(9), Pg 224-234, 2019.

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How to Cite
[1]
Kirui, K., Murage, D. and Kihato, P. 2020. Impacts of Placement of Wind Turbine Generators on IEEE 13 Node Radial Test Feeder In-Line Transformer Fuse-Fuse Protection Coordination. European Journal of Engineering Research and Science. 5, 6 (Jun. 2020), 665-674. DOI:https://doi.org/10.24018/ejers.2020.5.6.1939.