A heat exchanger is a device used to transfer thermal energy between two or more fluids, at different temperatures in thermal contact. This paper focuses on a shell-and-tubes heat exchanger that involves two fluids (hot water and cold water) in contact with each other while the cold water flows through the tubes and hot water through the shell. Heat exchangers have special and practical applications in the feed water cooler in the process industries, power plants, chemical plants, refineries, process applications as well as refrigeration and air conditioning industry. The design calculations were carried out to determine the specifications of essential parameters for the development of the heat exchanger, data generated from the theoretical formulae were used to fabricate the heat exchanger using some locally available and durable materials, and the performance of the system was evaluated. Some of the parameters evaluated include heat duty, capacity ratio, effectiveness, overall heat transfer coefficient, and fouling factor. The heat exchanger was tested under various flow conditions and the results obtained were as follows; cold water inlet temperatures of (26, 26, 26, 27and 27) ºC increased to (59, 44, 39, 47 and 35) ºC after (10, 7½, 6½ 8, and 6) minutes and the hot water temperatures decreased from (100, 80, 75, 87 and 73) ºC to (73, 59, 55, 62 and 50) ºC, respectively. The design data and test data were compared in terms of the heat duty, capacity ratio, effectiveness, overall heat transfer coefficient, and fouling factor, the deviation is found to be 22.87%, 13.99%, 8.98%, 43.30%, and 43.30% respectively. The results obtained proved that the heat exchanger was effective, reliable and provides a good technical approach to evaluate the thermal performance of the heat exchanger and useful in conducting heat and mass transfer practical in thermodynamics laboratory.
V.V.P. Dubey, R.R. Verma, P.S. Verma, and A.K. Srivastava, “Performance Analysis of Shell & Tube Type Heat Exchanger under the Effect of Varied Operating Conditions”, IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE), e-ISSN: 2278-1684, p-ISSN: 2320-334X, Volume 11, Issue 3 Ver. VI. pp. 08-17, 2014
R. K. Sinnott, M.C John, and F. R. John, “Colson and Richardson’s Chemical Engineering Design”, Butterworth-Heinemann, vol. 6, 4th ed., 2003.
A.O. Adelaja, S.J. Ojolo, and M.G. Sobamowo, "Computer-Aided Analysis of Thermal and Mechanical Design of Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers”, Advanced Materials, Trans Tech Publications Switzerland, Vol. 367. pp.731-737, 2012.
G. Don and P. Robert, “Perry's Chemical Engineers Handbook”, McGraw-Hill Professional, 8th ed, 2007.
R. K. Shah, and D. P. Seculik, “Fundamental Exchanger Design”. Wiley: New York, 2003.
A.F. Jozaei, A. Baheri, M.K., Hafshejani, A. Arad, WASJ18, 7, 2012
B. Parikshit, K.R. Spandana, V. Krishna, T.R. Seetharam, K.N. Seetharamu, IJHMT84 (2015)
J. Guziałowska, G. Ligus, R. Ulbrich, Proceedings of 5th International Conference on Transport phenomena in Multiphase Systems (Bialystok, 2008)
T.H. Chang, Ch. Lee, H. Lee, K.S. Lee, J. Therm. Sci. 24, 4, 2015
J.E. Hesselgreaves. “An Approach to fouling Allowance in the Design of Compact Heat Exchangers”. Journal of Applied Thermal Engineering, 22. pp. 700-720, 2002
D. B. Nitesh and M. Basavaraj, “Experimental Analysis and Performance Characteristic of Heat Transfer in Shell and Twisted Tube Heat Exchanger”, Inter. journal Research of Engineering and Technology (IRJET). pp. 1142, 2015.
H. Hari, R. Ravindra, and Sreehari, “Thermal Analysis of Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Using C and Ansys”, Int. J. of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT) – volume 4, 2013.
HK Huichuan International Petroleum Equipment Co., Limited: https://www.hcpetroleum.hk/product-detail/heat-exchanger
K.J. Bell, “Heat exchanger design for the process industries”, transactions of the ASME, Trans. ASME J. Heat Transfer, 126 (6), pp. 877–885, 2004.
B.I. Master, K.S. Chunangad, A.J. Boxma, D., Kral, and P. Stehlík, “Most frequently used heat exchangers from pioneering research to worldwide applications”, Heat Transfer Eng. 27 (6). pp. 4– 11, 2006.
B. Durgesh and M.J. Priyanka, “Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Performance Analysis”, IJSR, ISSN: 23197064, 2011.
M.L Kevin., “An experiment to increase heat exchanger performance”, It may be feasible to consider enhanced heat transfer through the use of finned tubes, inserts, twisted tubes, or modified baffles, 1998.
D.Q. Kern, “Process Heat Transfer”, 7th Edition, McGraw-Hill, Inc. New York, 1965.
R.K. Rajput, “Heat and Mass Transfer” 3rd Edition, S.Chand and Company Limited, Ram Nagar, New Delhi. pp. 569-648, 2006.
R.W. Serth, “Process Heat Transfer, Principles and Applications”, Elsevier Science & Technology Books Publisher, 2007.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.
Submission of the manuscript represents that the manuscript has not been published previously and is not considered for publication elsewhere.