Enhanced Fusion Mechanisms Towards Synthesizing Superheavy Elements

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  •   Nelson Enrique Bolivar

  •   Ivaylo T. Vasilev

Abstract

In nature all of the heavy elements are produced by nuclear fusion reactions, mostly in supernova explosions and neutron star collisions, so, this is to date the only known and proven mechanism to produce heavy elements in usable quantities. In this work we approach a difficult challenge, namely, the possibility of fusion of heavy elements, taking as a test case the heaviest observationally stable element - ²³⁸U, showing that it is feasible, at least in principle with the help of existing technologies. The main idea behind is to show that fusion of lighter - than z=184 - nuclei is conceptually viable examining the tunnel effect assisted by an auxiliary field that will produce a Sauter like effect, and this is the pathway to explore the synthesis of elements higher than z=118. The production of theoretical untested elements like Unoctquadium-184 or close Z species could open a new chapter in the physics of super-heavy elements, and leads to a deeper understanding of nuclear decay channels and stability conditions. Nuclear fusion of heavy elements will open the breach to produce neutron rich elements, so we may obtain a deep insight into the physics of the island of stability. This work will review basic aspects of fusion physics related to the assisted fusion mechanism. An enhanced fusion perspective is found generalizing the work of [1] to space dependent fields and the cases of ²H, ¹⁰⁶Pd and ²³⁸U are presented for several test fields. A final section reviewing laser confinement fusion actual experiments capable of achieving the required energies is also reported.


Keywords: Assisted Fusion, Inertial Fusion, Confined Fusion, Sauter Effect, Heavy Elements

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How to Cite
[1]
Bolivar, N. and Vasilev, I. 2021. Enhanced Fusion Mechanisms Towards Synthesizing Superheavy Elements. European Journal of Engineering and Technology Research. 6, 1 (Jan. 2021), 19-30. DOI:https://doi.org/10.24018/ejers.2021.6.1.2242.