The rising climatic degradation due to the emission of greenhouse gases is leading to emergence of clean combustion technology, oxy-fuel combustion to minimize the emissions of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere in combustion. Nitrogen molecules are used as probe molecule in laser-based combustion diagnostic in nitrogen rich air combustion. However, with the introduction of oxy-fuel combustion, carbon dioxide becomes the dominant molecule and has to be considered as probe molecule in combustion diagnostic. A detailed knowledge about thermodynamic properties: temperature, pressure and species concentration are necessary in optimization of combustion and minimizing the emission into the atmosphere. The non-intrusive spectroscopic measurement techniques are the most accurate methods to determine the combustion properties. The purpose of this review is to provide a brief overview of the recent advances made in application of coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering of carbon dioxide for development of models for thermometry. However, there is no sufficient empirical data of time-domain S-branch Raman linewidth dependence on temperature that has been determined for pure-rotational coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering of carbon dioxide and its mixtures for development of models for thermometry.
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