Thermal Analysis of the Effects of Multifaceted Conditions on Performance of Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchanger


  •   Taiwo O. Oni

  •   Ayotunde A. Ojo

  •   Daniel C. Uguru-Okorie

  •   David O. Akindele


A shell-and-tube heat exchanger which was subjected to different flow configurations, viz. counter flow, and parallel flow, was investigated. Each of the flow configurations was operated under two different conditions of the shell, that is, an uninsulated shell and a shell insulated with fiber glass. The hot water inlet temperature of the tube was reduced gradually from 60 oC to 40 oC, and performance evaluation of the heat exchanger was carried out. It was found that for the uninsulated shell, the heat transfer effectiveness for hot water inlet temperature of 60, 55, 50, 45, and 40 oC are 0.243, 0.244, 0.240, 0.240, and 0.247, respectively, for the parallel flow arrangement. For the counter flow arrangement, the heat transfer effectiveness for the uninsulated shell are 2.40, 2.74, 5.00, 4.17, and 2.70%, respectively, higher than those for the parallel flow. The heat exchanger’s heat transfer effectiveness with fiber-glass-insulated shell for the parallel flow condition with tube hot water inlet temperatures of 60, 55, 50, 45, and 40 oC are 0.223, 0.226, 0.220, 0.225, and 0.227, respectively, whereas the counter flow condition has its heat transfer effectiveness increased by 1.28, 1.47, 1.82, 1.11, and 1.18%, respectively, over those of the parallel flow.

Keywords: Flow Configuration, Insulated Shell, Temperature, Heat Transfer Effectiveness, Heat Exchanger


K. Thulukkanam, Heat Exchanger Design Handbook. 2nd ed., New York: CRC Press, 2013, pp. 1–3.

Y. A. Kara and O. Guraras, "A computer program for designing of shell and tube heat exchanger," Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 24, pp. 1797–1805, 2004.

R. K. Shah and D. P. Sekulic, Fundamentals of Heat Exchanger Design. 1st ed., New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2003, pp. 1–8.

A. O. Adelaja, S. J. Ojolo, and M. G. Sobamowo, "Computer aided analysis of thermal and mechanical design of shell and tube heat exchangers," Adv. Matl. Res., vol. 367, pp. 731-737, 2012.

Y. A. Cengel, Heat Transfer - A Practical Approach. 2nd ed., New York: McGraw-Hill, 2002, ch. 13, pp. 669–671.

J. Yang, L. Ma, J. Liu, and W. Liu, "Thermal-hydraulic performance of a novel shell and- tube oil cooler with multi-fields synergy analysis," Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., vol. 77, pp. 928–939, 2014.

R. Thundil-Karuppa-Raj and S. Ganne, "Shell side numerical analysis of a shell and tube heat exchanger considering the effects of baffle inclination angle on fluid flow using CFD," Therm. Sci., vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 1165–1174, 2012.

M. O. Petinrin and A. A. Dare, "Performance of shell and tube heat exchangers with varying tube layouts," British J. Appl. Sci. Technol., vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 1-8, 2016.

P. Shahmohammadi and H. Beiki, "A numerical investigation of γ-Al2O3-water nano fluids heat transfer and pressure drop in a shell and tube heat exchanger," Transp. Phenon. Nano Micro Scales, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 29–35, 2016.

M. G. Yehia, A. A. A. Attia, O. E. Abdelatif, and E. E. Khalil, "Heat transfer and friction characteristics of shell and tube heat exchanger with multi inserted swirl vanes," Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 102, pp. 1481–1491, 2016.

H. S. Dizaji, S. Jafarmadar, and S. Asaadi, "Experimental exergy analysis for shell and tube heat exchanger made of corrugated shell and corrugated tube," Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., vol. 81, pp. 475-481, 2017.

A. Alimoradi and F. Veysi, "Optimal and critical values of geometrical parameters of shell and helically coiled tube heat exchangers," Case Studies Therm. Eng., vol. 10, pp. 73-78, 2017.

A. A. Abd and S. Z. Naji, "Analysis study of shell and tube heat exchanger for clough company with reselect different parameters to improve the design," Case Studies Therm. Eng., vol. 10, pp. 455-467, 2017.

C. Yu, Z. Ren, and M. Zeng, "Numerical investigation of shell-side performance for shell and tube heat exchangers with two different clamping type anti-vibration baffles," Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 133, pp. 125-136, 2018.

B.-C. Du, Y.-L. He, Y. Qiu, Q. Liang, and Y.-P. Zhou, "Investigation on heat transfer characteristics of molten salt in a shell-and-tube heat exchanger," Int. Commun. Heat Mass Transf., vol. 96, pp. 61–68, 2018.

Z. Khan and Z. A. Khan, "Thermodynamic performance of a novel shell-and-tube heat exchanger incorporating paraffin as thermal storage solution for domestic and commercial applications," Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 160, pp. 114007, 2019.

G. Yang, G. Ding, J. Chen, W. Yang, and S. Hu, "Experimental study on shell side heat transfer characteristics of two-phase propane flow condensation for vertical helically baffled shell-and-tube exchanger," Int. J. Ref., vol. 107, pp. 135–144, 2019.

E. M. S. El-Said and M. M. A. Al-Sood, "Shell and tube heat exchanger with new segmental baffles configurations: A comparative experimental investigation," Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 150, pp. 803–810, 2019.

A. Khanlari, Y. D. Aydın, A. Sözen, M. Gürü, and H. İ. Variyenli, "Investigation of the influences of kaolin-deionized water nanofluid on the thermal behavior of concentric type heat exchanger," Heat Mass Transf., vol. 56, pp. 1453–1462, 2020.

C. Yu, H. Zhang, M. Zeng, R. Wang, and B. Gao, "Numerical study on turbulent heat transfer performance of a new compound parallel flow shell and tube heat exchanger with longitudinal vortex generator," Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 164, pp. 114449, 2020.

T.-W. Lim and Y.-S. Choi, "Thermal design and performance evaluation of a shell-and-tube heat exchanger using LNG cold energy in LNG fuelled ship," Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 171, pp. 115120, 2020.

T. L. Bergman, A. S. Lavine, F. P. Incropera, and D. P. Dewitt, Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer. 7th ed., USA: John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2011, App. A.6, pp. 1003–1004.


Download data is not yet available.


How to Cite
Oni, T.O., Ojo, A.A., Uguru-Okorie, D.C. and Akindele, D.O. 2021. Thermal Analysis of the Effects of Multifaceted Conditions on Performance of Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchanger. European Journal of Engineering and Technology Research. 6, 1 (Jan. 2021), 69-75. DOI: