Comparative Analysis of Microwave and Electric Arc as a New Method in Weed Control


  •   Hasan Sahin


The increase in the demand for organic production and the adverse effects of chemicals used in agriculture have brought non-chemical weed control methods to the fore. Among these methods, the most studied ones are microwave and electric arc methods. It has been determined in studies that microwaves and electric current, when applied at the correct power level and for sufficient time, biologically inactivate weeds, all kinds of unwanted plants and seeds. In this study, the mortality rates caused by microwave energy and electric current (arc) methods in some plants applied under laboratory conditions were compared. Studies have shown that the effectiveness of microwave and electric arc methods depends on the selected current, voltage, power level and exposure time. It is thought that the electric arc method is easier and more economical in terms of application in the field than the microwave method. Another purpose of this study is to remind agricultural policy makers and decision makers of the importance of alternative weed control methods and to ensure that they make policies in this direction.

Keywords: non-chemical weed control, environmentally friendly, weed management, agro-chemicals


Sahin, H. (2014). Effects of microwaves on the germination of weed seeds. Journal of Biosystems Engineering, 39(4), 304-309.

Sahin, H. (2020). Investigating the effect of single and multiple electrodes on mortality ratio in electric current weed control method with NDVI technique. Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, 35(4), 1973-1984.

Kuang, W., Nelson, S.O., 1998. Low-frequency properties of biological tissues: A review with some new insights. American Society of Agricultural Engineers, vol.41(1): 173-184.

Banik, S., Bandyopadhyay, S. And Ganguly, S., 2003. Bioeffects of microwave-a brief review. Bioresource Technology 87 (2003) 155-159.

Bebawi, E.F., Cooper, A.F., Brodie, G.I. et al., “Effect of microwave radiation on seed mortality of rubber wine, parthenium and bellyache bush”, Plant Protection Quarterly vol.26, no.4, pp.136-142, 2007.

Sahin, H., & Yalınkılıc, M. (2017). Using Electric Current as a Weed Control Method. European Journal of Engineering Research and Science, 2(6), 59-64.

Brodie G., Ryan, C. And Lancaster, C., 2012. Microwave Technologies as Part of Integrated Weed Management Strategy: A Review. International Journal of Agronomy volume 2012. 636905.

Sahin, H., & Saglam, R. (2015). A Research About Microwave Effects on The Weed Plants. Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science,

Pluenneke, R. H., & Dykes, W. G. (1975). Method and Apparatus For Using Electrical Current to Destroy Grasses and Weeds.

Brand, J., Yaduraju, N. T., Shivakumar, B. G., & Murray, L. (2007). Weed management. Lentil, 159-172.

Coleman, G. R., Stead, A., Rigter, M. P., Xu, Z., Johnson, D., Brooker, G. M., & Walsh, M. J. (2019). Using energy requirements to compare the suitability of alternative methods for broadcast and site-specific weed control. Weed Technology, 1-18.

Bakker, T., Bontsema, J., & Müller, J. (2010). Systematic design of an autonomous platform for robotic weeding. Journal of Terramechanics, 47(2), 63-73.

Davis, F., Wayland, J., Merkle, M., 1971. Ultrahigh-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields for Weed Control: Phytotoxicity And Selectivity. Science, 173, 535–537.

Nelson, S., O., 1996. A review and assessment of microwave energy for soil treatment to control pests. Transactions of the ASAE, 39(1), 281–289.

Rana, A., & Derr, J. F. (2018). Responses of Ten Weed Species to Microwave Radiation Exposure as Affected by Plant Size. Journal of Environmental Horticulture, 36(1), 14-20.

De Wilde, M., Buisson, E., Yavercovski, N., Willm, L., Bieder, L., & Mesléard, F. (2017). Using microwave soil heating to inhibit invasive species seed germination. Invasive Plant Science and Management, 10(3), 262-270.

Kafarski, Marcin, et al. Evaluation of apple maturity with two types of dielectric probes. Sensors, 2018, 18.1: 121.

Taheri, S., Brodie, G., Jacob, M. V., & Antunes, E. (2018). Dielectric Properties of Chickpea, Red and Green Lentil in The Microwave Frequency Range as a Function of Temperature and Moisture Content. Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy, 1-17.


Download data is not yet available.


How to Cite
Sahin, H. 2021. Comparative Analysis of Microwave and Electric Arc as a New Method in Weed Control. European Journal of Engineering and Technology Research. 6, 2 (Feb. 2021), 132-135. DOI: