Passive Optical Network: A Fibre to the ‘X’ Approach


  •   R. O. Okeke

  •   V. E. Idigo

  •   M. O. Akemi

  •   S. K. Ogbuokebe


With the rapid increasing bandwidth demand mainly driven by the development of advanced broadband multimedia application, such as video-on-demand (VoD), interactive high-definition digital television (HDTV) and video conference, new access network solutions that provide high capacity are highly needed to satisfy these emerging services. In a largely populated and technologically exposed institution such the University of Port Harcourt, this demand is truly great. The Passive Optical Network (PON), which utilizes the Fibre Optic Technology, is a suitable solution to this problem. Hence this is geared towards the design and simulation of a Passive Optical Network for the University’s campus district. This Campus based Local Area Network consists of the Various Faculty buildings, the Senate building which is the central administrative building, and was centralized at the Information and Communication Technology Center (ICTC), which served as the Central Office of the network. The Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) technique was utilized because of its dedicated bandwidth for each subscriber and more flexible bandwidth management. The validation was carried out on a virtual computation environment called OptiSystem©.

Keywords: Q-Factor, PON, SMF, BER, Fibre Optics, WDM, HDTV, VoD, DSL


Jiajia Chen, (2009). “Design, Analysis and Simulation of Optical Access and Wide-area Networks”. KTH Information and Communication Technology. Doctoral Thesis in Microelectronics and Applied Physics Stockholm, Sweden.

Min Zhu, (2013). “Research on key techniques in passive optical networks and optical grid applications”. École normale supérieure de Cachan - ENS Cachan

Dr Peter Ball, Optical and Broadband Networks, Module POO336 lecture note, Oxford Brookes University (Jan 2010).

Bas Van Dongen “Fibre Optics: 21st Century communication backbone (2016).

Okeke R.O and Idigo V.E (2019). “Dispersion effects on single mode fibre transmission link”. Department of Electrical Engineering. University of Portharcourt. Nigeria.

G. Keiser, (2000) "Optical Fibre Communications", McGraw-Hill. Pennsylvania, USA.

Neca (2016), National Electrical Contractors Association, USA

Francis Idachaba, Dike U Ike, Orovwode Hope, “Future Trends in Fibre-optics communication”, World congress on Engineering: vol. 1, London, U.K (2014).

Panagiotis Georgopoulos et al, (June 2010), Theoretical and Practical Survey of Backhaul Connectivity options. June 2010.

Ofcom (Jan 2007), Future Options for Efficient Backhaul.

C. Ranaweera, et al (2013). Design and Optimization of Fibre-Optic Small-Cell Backhaul Based on an Existing Fibre-to-the-Node Residential Access Network.

Okeke R.O and Idigo V.E, Computational Analysis of Optimal Splitter Coordinates for Passive Optical Network (PON) Deployment (2019).

Manpreet Kaur, Himali Sarangal, (2015) “Performance Comparison of Pre-, Post- and Symmetrical-Dispersion Compensation Techniques using DCF on 40Gbps WDM System”. IJARECE, Volume 4, Issue 3.

Hiba A. Altahir, (2017). “Performance Evaluation of Gigabit Passive Optical Network (GPON) Access Technology”. Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, University of Khartoum.

Radim Sifta, Petr Munster, Ondrej Krajsa, Miloslav Filka, (2014). “Simulation of bidirectional traffic in WDM-PON networks”. Brno University of Technology. ISSN 0033-2097, R. 90 NR 1/2014 ISSN 0033-2097.


Download data is not yet available.


How to Cite
Okeke, R.O., Idigo, V.E., Akemi, M.O. and Ogbuokebe, S.K. 2021. Passive Optical Network: A Fibre to the ‘X’ Approach. European Journal of Engineering and Technology Research. 6, 3 (Apr. 2021), 1-9. DOI: