https://ejers.org/index.php/ejers/issue/feed European Journal of Engineering Research and Science 2020-01-23T09:44:35-05:00 Editor-in-Chief editor@ejers.org Open Journal Systems <table width="80%" cellpadding="10" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td rowspan="4" valign="top" width="20%"><img src="/public/site/images/editor_in_chief/dergi_issue2.jpg" alt="jets" align="left" border="0" hspace="30"> <button style="background: #10C9F5; cursor: pointer; font-size: 15px; font-style: bold; text-align: center; color: white; margin: 5px; padding: 5px 5px 5px 5px; border-radius: 15px; border: 2px solid #0D0A0A; width: 275px;" type="button"><strong>DOI</strong> : 10.240818/EJERS</button> <button style="background: #10C9F5; cursor: pointer; font-size: 15px; font-style: bold; text-align: center; color: white; margin: 5px; padding: 5px 5px 5px 5px; border-radius: 15px; border: 2px solid #0D0A0A; width: 275px;" type="button"><strong>ISSN</strong> : 2506-8016</button> <button style="background: #10C9F5; cursor: pointer; 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margin: 6px;">Submit&nbsp;<a href="/index.php/ejers/user/register"><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>Online</strong></span>&nbsp;</a>or by&nbsp;<span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a href="mailto:editor@ejers.org"><strong>E-mail</strong></a></span>&nbsp;to&nbsp;<a href="mailto:editor@ejers.org">editor@ejers.org</a></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table style="width: 100%;" cellpadding="7"> <tbody> <tr> <td>&nbsp; <iframe src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/jW1fB2qUlOU" width="450" height="250" frameborder="0"></iframe></td> <td valign="top" bgcolor="FAFAFA"> <p><span style="color: blue;">&nbsp;<strong><span style="font-size: 140%; color: blue;"> ►&nbsp;</span> <span style="font-size: 140%; color: blue; text-decoration: underline;">What does EJERS do</span></strong></span> <strong><span style="font-size: 140%; color: blue;"> ?</span></strong><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> <p><strong>European Journal of Engineering Research and Science</strong>&nbsp;(EJERS) is a peer reviewed&nbsp;international journal publishes&nbsp;<strong>monthly</strong>&nbsp;full length state-of-the-art&nbsp;research papers, reviews, case studies related to <strong>all areas of Engineering and Science</strong>.&nbsp;</p> <p>All submitted articles:</p> <ul> <li class="show">must be <strong>original</strong></li> <li class="show">must be<strong> previously unpublished research results</strong></li> <li class="show">must be <strong>experimental or theoretical</strong></li> <li class="show">and will be <strong>peer-reviewed</strong></li> <li class="show">may not be <strong>considered for publication elsewhere at any time during the review period</strong></li> </ul> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong>EJERS is published by<strong>&nbsp;<a href="http://www.europapublishing.org">European Open Access Publishing (EUROPA Publishing)</a></strong>&nbsp;</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>&nbsp;</p> <table style="width: 100%;" cellpadding="3"> <tbody> <tr> <td valign="top" bgcolor="FAFAFA"> <p><strong><span style="font-size: 140%; color: blue;">&nbsp; &nbsp; ►&nbsp;</span><span style="text-decoration: underline; font-size: 140%; color: blue;">Why do we do it</span><span style="font-size: 140%; color: blue;"> ?<em>&nbsp;</em></span> &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;</strong>&nbsp;</p> <p>We believe that academic publishing should be a&nbsp;<strong>not-for-profit</strong>&nbsp;enterprise undertaken for the good of mass dissemination, not predicated upon exclusionary paywalls. Thus, EJERS aims to decrease the <strong><a href="/index.php/ejers/about/submissions#authorFees">Article Processing Charge (APC)</a></strong>&nbsp;to acceptable boundaries.&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;<span style="font-size: 140%; color: blue;">►&nbsp;<span style="text-decoration: underline;">How do we do it</span></span> <span style="font-size: 140%; color: blue;"> ?</span>&nbsp;&nbsp;</strong>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Open Access Policy</strong><br><br>EJERS provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available after publication on the journal website to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.</p> <p><img src="/public/site/images/editor_in_chief/open_access.jpg" alt=""></p> <hr align="left" width="250px"> <p><strong>Zero Tolerance for Plagiarism&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>EJERS has a policy of “Zero Tolerance on the Plagiarism”. We check the plagiarism issue through two methods: reviewer check and plagiarism prevention tool (iThenticate.com).</p> <p>All submissions will be checked by plagiarism prevention software before being sent to reviewers.</p> <p>&nbsp;<img src="/public/site/images/editor_in_chief/no_plagiarism2.jpg" alt=""></p> <hr align="left" width="250px"> <p><strong>Digital Archiving Policy&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>EJERS uses LOCKSS system as digital archiving policy. LOCKSS ensures long-term survival of Web-based scholarly publications. Namely, your publication will remain digitally available forever for free under Creative Commons License.</p> <p><img src="/public/site/images/editor_in_chief/clockss_lockss.png" alt=""></p> <hr align="left" width="250px"> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;<strong>Indexing&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><br><span class="auto-style5">All EJERS content is indexed with&nbsp;<a href="http://www.crossref.org/">CrossRef</a>&nbsp;and assigned a&nbsp;<a href="http://www.doi.org/">Digital Object Identifier (DOI)</a>. This means that all of our references are made available so that citations can be tracked by the publishing community.</span></p> <p><span class="auto-style5">In addition, EJERS is indexed in :</span></p> <ul> <li class="show"><a style="background-color: #ffffff;" href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?hl=en&amp;user=A_Gus1kAAAAJ"><span class="auto-style5">Google Scholar</span></a></li> <li class="show"><a style="background-color: #ffffff;" href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2506-8016"><span class="auto-style5">ROAD</span></a></li> <li class="show"><a style="background-color: #ffffff;" href="https://www.scilit.net/pub/article/10.24018"><span class="auto-style5">SCILIT</span></a></li> <li class="show"><a style="background-color: #ffffff;" href="https://www.worldcat.org/search?q=so%3AEuropean+Journal+of+Engineering+Research+and+Science&amp;qt=results_page"><span class="auto-style5">WorldCat</span></a></li> <li class="show"><a style="background-color: #ffffff;" href="https://www.scienceopen.com/user/3eed4386-308b-4036-abc4-d2d83df0dcdd"><span class="auto-style5">ScienceOpen</span></a></li> </ul> <img src="/public/site/images/editor_in_chief/indexing_policy.png" alt="Natural" width="1200" height="60"><hr align="left" width="250px"> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Paper Selection and Publishing Process</strong></p> <p><em>a) Submission Acknowledgement</em></p> <p>When you submit a manuscript online, you will receive a submission acknowledgement letter sent by the online system automatically. For email submissions, the editor or editorial assistant sends an email confirmation to the authors within one to three working days. If you fail to receive this confirmation, please check your bulk email box or contact the editorial assistant.</p> <p><em>b) Basic Review</em></p> <p>The editor or editorial assistant determines whether the manuscript fits the journal’s focus and scope. Next a check for the similarity index is done by using CrossCheck, powered by iThenticate. Any manuscripts that are out of the journal’s scope or containing plagiarism, including self-plagiarism, are rejected.</p> <p><em>c) Peer Review</em></p> <p>We use a double-blind system for peer reviewing; both reviewers’ and authors’ identities remain anonymous&nbsp;to each other. The paper will be peer-reviewed by two or three experts;&nbsp;one is an editorial staff and the other two are external reviewers.&nbsp;The review process may take two to four weeks.</p> <p><em>d) Decision&nbsp;</em></p> <p>The decision&nbsp;(Acception, Revision or Decline)&nbsp;is based on the suggestions of reviewers. If there is a different opinion between reviewers, the editor will arrive to a balanced decision based on all the comments, or a second round of peer-reviewing may be initiated.&nbsp;</p> <p><em>e) Publication Fee</em></p> <p>In order to start the copyediting procedures, <a href="/index.php/ejers/about/submissions#authorFees">Paper Publication Fee</a>&nbsp;must be paid.&nbsp;</p> <p><em>f) Copyediting Process-Step 1 : Journal Template Adaptation</em></p> <p>The authors need to re-edit the paper, using the template. The re-edited paper should use the template provided by us and meet the formatting requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.</p> <p>All accepted manuscripts are obligated to adapt the layout of the paper according to the journal's template. EJERS provides a <a href="/upload/documents/EJERS_template.docx">.DOCX template format</a>, and also accepts <a href="https://www.ieee.org/conferences/publishing/templates.html">IEEE journal LaTeX template format</a>.</p> <p><em>g) Copyediting Process-Step 2</em></p> <p>After receiving the revised paper. Our editing staff will work on the layout and format. After the process, we will invite you to check the paper again.</p> <p><em>h) Online Publication &amp; Indexing</em></p> <p>E-journal in .PDF &nbsp;format will be available on the journal’s webpage free of charge for download. In addition, a DOI identifier will be assigned to your paper, and you will be informed regarding to the DOI number.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> https://ejers.org/index.php/ejers/article/view/1657 Use of Non-Hazardous Solid Waste as Alternative Fuels in Cement Manufacturing Process 2020-01-14T14:35:01-05:00 Ghizlane Bouabid ghizlane.bouabid@gmail.com Fouzia Byoud fouziabyoud@gmail.com Nisrine Benzbiria nisrine.benzbiria@gmail.com Driss Nahya d.nahya@polluclean.ma Mohammed Azzi azzimed57@gmail.com <p>The incineration of non-hazardous solid waste and its use as alternative fuel in cement manufacturing process was studied and simulated under the effect of air flow acceleration in a laboratory scale reactor. Firstly, analysis of the different waste materials (textile, wood and paper) was performed separately, showing that textile samples presented the highest levels of heavy metals (H.M). In the course of a test run using solid recovered fuel (SRF), the mass balance of heavy metals revealed that lead and chromium probably volatilized during firing while arsenic, cadmium and zinc were trapped in clinker. As to gaseous emissions, heavy metals concentration in the stack remained relatively low and below the standard limits. Secondly, the temperature and concentration of gases flue was monitored. It was shown that the combustion regime is characterized by low reaction temperatures and an oxygen-deficient environment. Air injection rate affected significantly the formation and degradation mechanisms of the emitted gases concentrations, particularly CO, CO<sub>2</sub>, NO, NO<sub>x</sub>, SO<sub>2</sub>. Textile waste exhibited the lowest concentration of emitted gases compared to the other types of waste.</p> 2020-01-14T13:35:07-05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ghizlane Bouabid, Fouzia Byoud, Nisrine Benzbiria, Driss Nahya; Mohammed Azzi https://ejers.org/index.php/ejers/article/view/1679 Computer Simulation Models for Profit Maximisation in a Paint Production Company 2020-01-14T14:37:49-05:00 Tobinson Briggs tobinson.briggs@uniport.edu.ng Shadrack Mathew Uzoma mathshadrack@yahoo.com <p>Paint manufacturing is an advanced area of technology in the world. Necessarily paints are applied to any structure or body for a virtuous number of reasons : corrosion protection, aesthetic features to create attractive colours on buildings to protect it from environmental degradation and none the less to protect the bodies of automobiles, aircraft, and ships from ecological damage; also to give the right shades of colours catching to the eyes and minds of customers. In this research work, mathematical models developed by the researchers were employed to maximise the profit margin of a painting Company. The mathematical optimisation models are Linear Programming production demand-based planning models. It is geared towards maximising the profit of the establishment subject to a certain number of critical constraints. Lindo computer software was employed in the simulation to access the profitability index of the company subject to demand constraints. Revenue accruable from sales of the items produced was ten million and six hundred and twenty-seven thousand sixty-two naira and fifty-three kobo (N10, 627,062.53). The different cost inputs resulted in the expenditure of ten million and six hundred and ten thousand and six forty naira (N10, 610,640.00). The profit margin is sixteen thousand four hundred and twenty-two naira and fifty-three kobo (N16,422.53). Profit optimisation maximisation procedure using Lindo Computer Software resulted in a profit margin of twenty-nine thousand one hundred and ten naira (N29,100.00). The percentage difference in profit margin is 77.26%. The simulation profit optimisation results revealed a tremendous difference in turnover margin and called for an interaction with the Academy Color Paint Company for enhancement in the turnover margin of their establishment.</p> 2020-01-14T14:37:49-05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Tobinson Briggs, Shadrack Mathew Uzoma https://ejers.org/index.php/ejers/article/view/1333 Power Loss Minimisation on 11kV Distribution Network using Feeder Reconfiguration 2020-01-14T16:29:14-05:00 T. O. Ale toale@futa.edu.ng I. O. Abumere toale@futa.edu.ng <p>The Distribution System can be seen as the networking line that interfaces between the large power generators and transmission lines on one hand and the electricity consumers on the other. The system can exist in different topologies among which, the radial form is popular because of its simplicity and comparative low cost of design. The problem of poor power quality and instability has been a major power systems challenge especially in Nigeria. More reliable and stable power systems among other benefits can be enjoyed when system are optimized. Hence, this paper implements the feeder reconfiguration technique as an optimization procedure to minimize the technical losses on the Ondo Road 11kV Feeder Segment. MATLAB is employed to simulate the optimization process and the results showed that an average of 85.47% active power loss reduction on all phases is obtainable with the proposed technique leading to an estimated financial saving of ₦639,999.75 per hour.</p> 2020-01-14T16:29:14-05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 T. O. Ale https://ejers.org/index.php/ejers/article/view/1695 Flammability and Gravity Effect of Horizontal and Vertical Propagating Flames in Tube 2020-01-14T17:05:25-05:00 Celestine Ebieto Ebieto celestine.ebieto@uniport.edu.ng Oku Nyong nyong.oku@gmail.com <p>In the current research, experimental work is investigated for vertically and horizontally downward propagating flames in an open-ended tube. The objective was to study and compare the influence of flammability limits, gravity, and the flame speed in the different tube configuration for two different fuels. The experimental facility included a 20 mm inner diameter tube, 1200 mm in length and an optical access quartz tube made centrally of 700 mm in length. Methane-air and propane-air fuel were compared for both vertically and horizontally downward propagating flames. The flame speed at each equivalence ratios for both fuels was lower for the flame that propagates downward compared to the flame that propagates horizontally. For both fuels, the flammability limits tend to rise for the vertically downward flame. The influence of gravity was seen as the flames become leaner and richer in methane-air and propane-air flames that propagate vertically downwards, causing a transformation in the contour of the flame from a steady curved flame to a vibrating corrugated flame.</p> 2020-01-14T17:05:25-05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Celestine Ebieto Ebieto, Oku Nyong https://ejers.org/index.php/ejers/article/view/1676 Performance Improvement of a Direction Finding System Antenna Using Method of Moment (MOM) 2020-01-15T07:18:05-05:00 Ogonna F. Anaebo ogonnaanaebo@gmail.com Gloria N. Ezeh ugoezeh2002@yahoo.com Onyebuchi Chikezie Nosiri buchinosiri@gmail.com Cosmas K. Agubor aguborcosy@yahoo.com <p>This paper focuses on the Performance Improvement of a Direction Finding System Antenna Using Method of Moment (MoM) Approach. The work is developed to provide an approximate current distribution for a direction finding system antenna by employing the use of Method of Moment on an array of Yagi-uda antenna. The parameters of the experimental antenna are derived and analyzed via Magnetic Vector Potential (MVP) operator. The accurate current flowing through the radiating elements of the direction finding system is analyzed using combination of Method of Moment technique and Magnetic Vector Potential (MVP) operator. This helps to avoid the detection of false alarms and inability of the system to detect remote targets. A typical direction finding system Yagi antenna is designed and operated at a frequency range of 0.6- 0.8 GHz. The antenna has a single reflector, an active (driven) element and three (3) parasitic directors. The antenna parameters are simulated using MatLab R2010a software tool. The average pointing vector of the designed Yagi antenna was obtained as 3.73watt per square metre, and Radiation Intensity value of about 9.400 coulomb per kilogram. The simulation results indicate an appreciable increase in directivity of 9.03dBi, an enhanced directive gain compared to that of the equivalent dipole antenna of 1.76dBi, signifying 7.27dBi enhancement.</p> 2020-01-15T07:18:05-05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ogonna F. Anaebo, Gloria N. Ezeh, Onyebuchi Chikezie Nosiri, Cosmas K. Agubor https://ejers.org/index.php/ejers/article/view/1704 A Survey on the Effects of Cutting Parameters on Surface Roughness When Milling 40Cr Steel Using End Mill Cutter 2020-01-15T07:41:34-05:00 Nguyen Hong Son nguyenhongson@haui.edu.vn <p>In this paper, the empirical research on the effects of cutting parameters on surface roughness when milling 40Cr steel with face mill is conducted. The cutting parameters in this study include the cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut. The tests are conducted in the form of Central Composite Design. The analysis shows that, for both Ra and Rz: (1) the feed rate has the greatest effect on surface roughness, followed by the degree of influence of the depth of cut, cutting speed with insignificant effects on surface roughness. (2) only the interaction between the feed rate and depth of cut have a significant effect on both Ra and Rz; the interaction between the cutting speed and feed rate, the interaction between the cutting speed and depth of cut have negligible effects on the surface roughness. In addition, the regression equations showing the relationship between Ra, Rz and cutting parameters is developed in this study.</p> 2020-01-15T07:41:34-05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Nguyen Hong Son https://ejers.org/index.php/ejers/article/view/1705 Outlet Surface Area Influence in Spiral Casing Design on Centrifugal Fan Performance 2020-01-15T08:03:32-05:00 Ardit Gjeta agjeta@fim.edu.al Lorenc Malka lmalka@fim.edu.al <p>In this paper, the effect of the outlet surface area of the spiral casing on the performance of a centrifugal fan was investigated using open source CFD software OpenFOAM [1]. An automized loop with RANS and data post-processing is set up using Matlab, for allowing a large number of parameter variations. The effect was analyzed as a function of total pressure loss and static pressure recovery coefficient and on total efficiency as well.</p> 2020-01-15T08:03:32-05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ardit Gjeta, Lorenc Malka https://ejers.org/index.php/ejers/article/view/1701 A Novel System for Processing User Interfaces 2020-01-15T13:28:56-05:00 Frank Edughom Ekpar frankekparng@gmail.com <p>In this paper we introduce novel automatic and manual processing systems for a versatile graphical user interface comprising one or more N-dimensional background elements each of which is divided into one or more arbitrarily-shaped N-dimensional partitions, wherein each partition may contain one or more user interface elements and is associated with one or more sets of rules that define rendering, positioning, element placement and other relevant attributes and behaviors, wherein said rules can be specified in such a way as to enable said N-dimensional background to assume any desired arbitrary shape and to facilitate expansion to any desired arbitrary size without distortion or loss in quality. Our systems permit the efficient generation of intuitive graphical user interfaces in a wide variety of application domains.</p> 2020-01-15T13:28:56-05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Frank Edughom Ekpar https://ejers.org/index.php/ejers/article/view/1703 Arbitrary Dimensional Data 2020-01-15T15:25:10-05:00 Frank Edughom Ekpar frankekparng@gmail.com <p>It is a well-known fact that numerous issues in many fields of human endeavor including, but not limited to, science and engineering, medicine, law enforcement and security, economics and finance, governance, psychology, philosophy, religion, and many other fields require the management of arbitrary dimensional data. However, systems permitting direct and efficient management of arbitrary dimensional data currently do not exist. In fact, contemporary systems such as graphical user interfaces for the management of data typically lack even the very concept of arbitrary dimensionality – failing to provide any practical way or means of managing arbitrary dimensional data. Here, we establish the foundational principles for a system permitting practical, direct and efficient management of arbitrary dimensional data. Furthermore, we demonstrate the effectiveness of our system by applying it to an experiment involving eight-dimensional (8D) medical and scientific data sets. Our system has immediate, far-reaching implications for numerous fields of human endeavor – enabling hitherto impossible solutions and applications and leading to deeper insights and improved understanding of numerous issues.</p> 2020-01-15T15:25:10-05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Frank Edughom Ekpar https://ejers.org/index.php/ejers/article/view/1714 Single Harmonic Black Holes 2020-01-16T04:37:42-05:00 Wim Vegt jvegt@planet.nl <p>In this New Theory a “Single Harmonic Black Hole” (SHBH) has been considered to be the Gravitational-Electromagnetic Confinement of a Single Harmonic Electromagnetic Field Configuration in which a perfect equilibrium exists between the outward directed electromagnetic radiation pressure and the inward directed Electromagnetic-Gravitational Interaction force densities.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This frequency transformation is possible because of the combined Lorentz / Doppler-Effect transformation during the collapse (contraction) of the radiation when the Gravitational Electromagnetic Confinement has been formed (Implosion of Visible Light).&nbsp; Within the scope of this article “Single Harmonic Black Hole” (SHBH) is considered to be any kind of 3-dimensional confined Single Harmonic Electromagnetic Energy. The inner structure of a “SHBH” has been based on a 3-dimensional isotropic equilibrium within the electromagnetic field configuration. This new theory will explain how electromagnetic fields (wave packages) demonstrate inertia, mass and momentum and which forces keep the wave packages together in a way that they can be measured like particles with their own specific mass and momentum. To understand what electromagnetic inertia and the corresponding electromagnetic mass, spin and electric charge is and how the anisotropy of electromagnetic mass, spin and electric charge can be explained and how it has to be defined, a New Theory about “Electromagnetic-Gravitational Interaction” has been developed. The “New Theory” has been based on the fundamental principle of “Perfect Equilibrium within the Universe” which has already been expressed by Newton’s three equations published in 1687 in “Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica. Newton’s Equations in 3 dimensions will be published in this article in an extension into 4 dimensions. Newton’s 4-dimensional law in the 3 spatial dimensions results in an improved version of the classical Maxwell Equations and Newton’s law in the 4th dimension (time) results in the quantum mechanical Schrödinger wave equation (at non-relativistic velocities) and the relativistic Dirac equation.</p> 2020-01-16T04:37:42-05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Wim Vegt https://ejers.org/index.php/ejers/article/view/1598 Heat Exchanger Process Optimization in A Typical Brewery Plant 2020-01-16T07:28:06-05:00 Shadrack Uzoma Mathew mathshadrack@yahoo.com Lebari Aban Tamzor tamzorlebaria@yahoo.com <p>The research attempts to improve upon the performance efficiency of the heat exchanger network system of Pabod Brewery, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. It swaps the heat system of the plant by the use of Pinch Technology to recover waste heat and integrating the recovered energy for process application. The application software is Microsoft Excel and Problem Table Method was employed in the numerical analysis of data. The gross energy expenditure by the plant is 10.44MW at production capacity of 400,000 liters of beer per day. On quantitative aggregate 6.157MW goes for heating and 4.267MW for cooling. A temperature pinch or minimum approach temperature (ΔT<sub>min</sub>)of 10<sup>0</sup>C was used in the pinch analysis of the heat exchangers performance. The research findings confirmed minimum heating utility of 5.04MW and cooling utility of 3.09MW. with energy upturn of 1.08MW and 1.23MW for the hot and cold flows respectively. This correlates to energy conservation of 18% for hot utility and 21% for the cold utility. The hot stream pinch temperature is 71<sup>0</sup>C while that of the cold stream is 61<sup>0</sup>C. Heat exchangers network configuration design were performed above and below the pinch The network designs were produced and integrated to produce improved heat exchanger network system for the Brewery plant.</p> 2020-01-16T07:28:06-05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Shadrack Uzoma Mathew, Lebari Aban Tamzor https://ejers.org/index.php/ejers/article/view/1708 General algorithm for searching user data in social media of the Internet 2020-01-16T07:49:11-05:00 Oleh Mastykash mastykash.oleg@gmail.com Andii Peleshchyshyn apele@ridne.net <p>The research work presented within this paper solves the problem of automated search for heterogeneous data in social media of the Internet (SMI). Building a system for obtaining and subsequent analysis of heterogeneous data in SMI – a complex multi-stage process in which specialists of various profiles and qualifications participate. Therefore, one of the main problems in the design of such systems is the coverage of all aspects of the functioning of the software-analytical complex, providing a common language for specialists, which allows us to uniquely, and clearly, understandably formulate the basic concepts of the projects. One of the main and basic tasks in analyzing the pages of a SMI user is to build algorithms for analyzing the user data environment (UDE). The quality of software will depend on the implemented algorithms. The construction of such algorithms, on the one hand, provides an understanding of the process of forming functional individual modules of the system and their interaction, on the other hand, laying a qualitative foundation in the future system. Algorithms for data analysis in the SMI will be designed based on the basic principles of behavior of the user registered in it.</p> 2020-01-16T07:49:11-05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Oleh Mastykash, Andii Peleshchyshyn https://ejers.org/index.php/ejers/article/view/1693 Illusions of Elastic Collisions in the Sciences: 2020-01-23T09:44:35-05:00 Kent W. Mayhew kent.mayhew@gmail.com <p>Employing elastic collisions rather than the reality of inelastic collisions simplifies much of the theoretical sciences. The consequences of such simplification is completely ignored/unrealized by the majority, hence must be addressed. At the crux of the problem is arguably the illusion of elastic collisions in kinetic theory, but this extends to other realms of physics including statistical theory, Lagrangian mechanics and the Navier-Stokes equations.</p> 2020-01-23T09:44:35-05:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Kent W. Mayhew